Creating a Ransomware Decryptor with Python | Part 2


In this article, we will provide a step-by-step guide to creating a ransomware decryptor using Python. This decryptor will use the key generated during the encryption process to decrypt the files. If the provided key is incorrect, it will notify the user. Understanding how to create a Python ransomware decryptor is essential for improving coding skills and raising awareness about cybersecurity. This article is for educational purposes only, to enhance your knowledge of Python and cybersecurity, not for malicious use.

Learning Objectives

  • Learn how to write a decryptor using file handling capabilities in Python.
  • Understand how to decrypt files using the cryptography library.
  • Gain awareness of basic cybersecurity concepts (Creating Ransomware with Python | Part 1).

Let’s Start Coding

We will go through the process of writing a decryptor using the Python programming language step by step. This decryptor will decrypt files in a specified directory using the provided key(Ransomware: The Anatomy of Digital Threats).

Step 1: Import Necessary Libraries

import os
from cryptography.fernet import Fernet, InvalidToken

Step 2: Create the RansomwareDecryptor Class

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class RansomwareDecryptor:
    def __init__(self, directory, key): = directory
        self.key = key

The RansomwareDecryptor class takes a specified directory and a decryption key.

Step 3: Load the Key

def load_key(self):
        return self.key

The load_key method returns the decryption key.

Step 4: Decrypt the File

def decrypt_file(self, file_path, key):
        fernet = Fernet(key)
            with open(file_path, "rb") as encrypted_file:
                encrypted_data =
            # Decrypt the data
            decrypted_data = fernet.decrypt(encrypted_data)
            # Generate the original file path
            original_file_path = file_path.replace(".encrypted", "")
            # Write the decrypted data to the new file
            with open(original_file_path, "wb") as decrypted_file:
            # Remove the encrypted file
            print(f"{file_path} has been successfully decrypted.")
        except InvalidToken:
            print("Invalid key entered.")
            return False
        return True

The decrypt_file method decrypts the specified file using the provided key. If the key is incorrect, it catches the InvalidToken exception and prints an error message.

Step 5: Decrypt the Directory

def decrypt_directory(self):
        key = self.load_key()
        for filename in os.listdir(
            file_path = os.path.join(, filename)
            if os.path.isfile(file_path) and file_path.endswith(".encrypted"):
                if not self.decrypt_file(file_path, key):

The decrypt_directory method decrypts all .encrypted files in the specified directory. The decrypt_file method is called for each file, and if the key is incorrect, the process stops.

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Step 6: Usage Example

# Usage example
key = input("Enter the decryption key: ")
decryptor = RansomwareDecryptor("myexample/", key)

This demonstrates the usage of the code. The user is prompted to enter the decryption key, and an instance of the RansomwareDecryptor class is created. The files in the specified directory are decrypted using the provided key.


In this article, we learned the steps to create a decryptor for the ransomware using Python. This code is for educational purposes and should not be used for malicious intent. Understanding how to decrypt files can help improve your Python programming skills and raise awareness about cybersecurity.

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