Virtual Machines and How Do They Work

In today’s rapidly advancing computer technology, new opportunities are constantly emerging for computer users. One such advancement is the introduction of virtual machines, which provide users with a more flexible and efficient working environment. In this article, we will explore what virtual machines are, how they work, and the benefits they offer. Before you start, you can read our article What is VPN

What are Virtual Machines?

Virtual machines are software-based machines that create a virtual environment on a physical computer, enabling the execution of multiple operating systems. When a virtual machine is created, users can partition a single computer into multiple virtual computers and run separate operating systems on each virtual machine. This provides various advantages, such as the ability to switch between different operating systems or create an isolated testing environment.

How do Virtual Machines Work?

Virtual machines operate on a software layer called a hypervisor. The hypervisor acts as an interface between the physical hardware and the virtual machines. There are two types of hypervisors: Type 1 and Type 2.

  • Type 1 hypervisors run directly on the hardware and manage the virtual machines. These hypervisors offer higher performance and greater resource utilization. Examples of Type 1 hypervisors include VMware ESXi and Microsoft Hyper-V.
  • Type 2 hypervisors run on top of an underlying operating system and create virtual machines on that operating system. These hypervisors require fewer resources and offer easier installation. Examples of Type 2 hypervisors include Oracle VirtualBox and VMware Workstation.

Virtual machines work by dividing hardware resources into virtual resources for sharing and isolation. Each virtual machine behaves as if it has independent resources such as an operating system, memory, processing power, and storage space. This allows for the simultaneous execution of multiple operating systems and applications.

Virtual machines work by dividing hardware resources

Benefits of Virtual Machines

Benefits of Virtual Machines

Virtual machines offer numerous benefits and are favored by businesses and individual users alike:

  1. Resource Efficiency: Virtual machines allow for more efficient utilization of physical hardware resources. By running multiple virtual machines on a single physical server, resources can be shared and utilized efficiently. This leads to energy savings, reduced space requirements, and cost-effectiveness.
  2. Isolation and Security: Virtual machines provide isolation, allowing users and applications to operate independently from one another. If one virtual machine crashes or experiences a security vulnerability, it does not affect the other virtual machines. This enhances security and provides protection against data loss and attacks.
  3. Flexibility and Portability: Virtual machines are hardware-independent, making them easily portable across different physical computers. You can copy a virtual machine from one computer to another or migrate it from one server to another. This facilitates tasks such as backups, disaster recovery, and system migrations.
  4. Testing and Development: Virtual machines offer significant advantages in the testing and development processes. You can create virtual machines to test different operating systems or application configurations and easily revert back in case of issues. This provides an ideal environment for testing risky operations such as operating system upgrades or new software versions.
  5. Resource Sharing and Scalability: Virtual machines allow for resource sharing, enabling the distribution of resources among multiple operating systems or applications. You can easily adjust the resources allocated to virtual machines based on your needs. This ensures improved performance, increased availability, and scalability

Popular Virtual Machine Examples

There are several popular virtual machine software available today. Here are a few notable examples:

  1. VMware Workstation: VMware Workstation is a powerful virtualization software that enables users to run multiple operating systems simultaneously on a single computer. It offers advanced features, such as virtual machine snapshots and cloning, to facilitate testing and development processes.
  2. VirtualBox: VirtualBox, developed by Oracle, is a free and open-source virtualization platform. It supports a wide range of guest operating systems and provides features like seamless window integration and shared folders.
  3. Hyper-V: Hyper-V is a virtualization platform developed by Microsoft. It is included as a feature in Windows Server and Windows 10 Pro editions. Hyper-V offers high-performance virtualization capabilities and is widely used in enterprise environments.
  4. KVM: Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is a virtualization infrastructure for the Linux kernel. It leverages hardware virtualization extensions and provides robust virtualization capabilities for Linux-based systems.
  5. Proxmox VE: Proxmox VE is an open-source server virtualization platform that combines virtualization, containerization, and storage solutions. It offers a web-based management interface and supports various virtualization technologies, including KVM and LXC.


Virtual machines have revolutionized the computing landscape by providing users with flexible, efficient, and secure working environments. Their resource efficiency, isolation, flexibility, and testing capabilities make them invaluable tools for both businesses and individuals. With popular virtual machine software like VMware Workstation, VirtualBox, Hyper-V, KVM, and Proxmox VE, users have a wide range of options to choose from based on their specific needs.

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