Creating a Web Server with Python


In the digital realm, web servers are the unsung heroes, diligently responding to requests from internet browsers, and serving up the content that makes the web go round. Python, a versatile and powerful programming language, equips us with the tools to create these web servers. In this article, we’ll explore the process of creating a web server with Python using the socket module, a key skill for any web developer.

Creating a Basic Web Server

Python’s socket module provides fundamental functionality for network communication, making it suitable for creating a basic web server. Below is an example of a basic web server created using the socket module:

import socket

# Server information
HOST = 'localhost'  # The address where the server will run
PORT = 8080         # The port number the server will listen on

# Create the server socket
server_socket = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
server_socket.bind((HOST, PORT))
server_socket.listen(1)  # Start listening for connections, allowing up to 1 connection

print(f"Server is listening on {HOST}:{PORT}...")

while True:
    # Accept incoming connections
    client_socket, client_address = server_socket.accept()
    print(f"{client_address} connected.")

    # Receive the client request
    request_data = client_socket.recv(1024).decode('utf-8')
    print(f"Client request:\n{request_data}")

    # Prepare the response for the client
    response_data = "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\nContent-Type: text/html\r\n\r\n<h1>Hello, World!</h1>"
    # Send the response to the client

    # Close the client socket

This code creates a basic HTTP server running on localhost at port 8080. It responds to every incoming request with an HTML response containing “Hello, World!”.

Don’t forget to check out my github for more code examples

Explanation of the Code

  1. Creating the Server Socket: The socket module is used to create and manage sockets for network communication. We create a server socket with socket.AF_INET (for IPv4 protocol) and socket.SOCK_STREAM (for TCP protocol).
  2. Binding and Listening: The bind() method determines the address and port at which the server will operate. The listen() method is used to start listening for incoming connections.
  3. Accepting Connections: The accept() method accepts incoming client connections.
  4. Request and Response: The server receives data from the client using recv(), then prepares an HTTP response using sendall().


Python’s socket module provides essential networking capabilities, sufficient for creating a basic web server. However, for real-world use cases, you would typically rely on more advanced tools and libraries. Web frameworks like Flask and Django are better suited for meeting the requirements of building robust web applications. Therefore, evaluating different tools and libraries based on your project’s needs and complexity is essential.

2 thoughts on “Creating a Web Server with Python”

Leave a Comment

Join our Mailing list!

Get all latest news, exclusive deals and academy updates.